The Program for Research on Private Higher Education
Dedicated to Building Knowledge about Private Higher Education around the World

Member Recent Activities

Asha Gupta | Publications since 2010

Gupta, Asha. 2015. Emerging Trends in Private Higher Education in India: Some Reflections. In Varghese, N. V. & Malik, G. (eds). India Higher Education Report. Routledge, UK.

Published a book on the Changing Perspective of Higher Education in Hindi entitled Uchhtar Shiksha ke Badalte Aayam from the Directorate of Hindi Medium Implementation, University of Delhi in 2011. It contains one chapter on privatisation and another chapter on private higher education. This book has been well received by the students, teachers and researchers on higher education through Hindi medium.

‘Deemed Universities in India: Confusion Reigns’. International Higher Education: 63. 2011. Boston. Spring.

Pablo Landoni | Publications since 2010

CIFUENTES, Jairo; LANDONI, Pablo y LLINAS, Xavier (2012) “Strategic Management in Higher Education:  Concepts and experiences from Telescopi Network in the Ibero-American region” Forthcoming

LANDONI, Pablo y MARTÍNEZ SANDRES, Fernando (2011) “Posgrados e Investigación en el Uruguay: Articulaciones y desencuentros” Montevideo, Universidad Católica del Uruguay / Agencia Nacional de Investigación e Innovación.

LANDONI, Pablo y MARTÍNEZ SANDRES, Fernando (2011) “Posgrados e Investigación en el Uruguay: Articulaciones y desencuentros” Montevideo, Universidad Católica del Uruguay / Agencia Nacional de Investigación e Innovación.

LANDONI, Pablo (2010) “El debate sobre la creación de una Agencia de Acreditación en Uruguay: influencias externas y tensiones internas” En Revista Argentina de Educación Superior.

Andrés Bernasconi | Publications since 2010, related to private higher education

Andrés Bernasconi, & Paula Clasing. 2015. Legitimacy in University Government: A New Typology. Archivos Analíticos de Políticas Educativas 23(71).

Andrés Bernasconi & Daniela Véliz. 2015 Latin America Flagship Universities: From Early Notions of State Building to Seeking a Larger Role in Society. En John Aubrey Douglass (Ed.) The New Flagship University. Changing the Paradigm from Global Ranking to National Relevancy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan

Enrique Fernández y Andrés Bernasconi, A. 2014. Las nuevas carreras de medicina como símbolo: entre la legitimidad académica y la señalización de mercado. Archivos Analíticos de Políticas Educativas, 22(74).  DOI:

Andrés Bernasconi. 2014. Too Small to Succeed: Middle-Income Nations and the Quest for Distinction in Global Higher Education. In Ying Cheng, Qi Wang and Nian Cai Liu (Eds.). How World-Class Universities Affect Global Higher Education, Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, pp. 153-161.

Andrés Bernasconi. 2014. Chile: An overview. In Laura Rumbley, Robin Matross Helms, Patti McGill Peterson and Philip G. Altbach (Eds.). Global Opportunities and Challenges for Higher Education Leaders: Briefs on Key Themes, Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, pp. 225-228.

Andrés Bernasconi. 2013. Government and University Autonomy: The Governance Structure of Latin American Public Institutions. En Jorge Balán (ed.) Latin America’s New Knowledge Economy: Higher Education, Government, and International Collaboration. New York: Institute for International Education, pp. 1-17.

Bernasconi, Andrés. 2011. A Legal Perspective on "Privateness" and "Publicness" in Latin American Higher Education. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice 13:4, pp. 351-365.

Bernasconi, Andrés 2011. Private and public pathways to world class research universities: the case of Chile. En Philip G. Altbach and Jamil Salmi (Eds.) The Road to Academic Excellence: The Making of World Class Research Universities.Washington, D.C. The World Bank, 229-260.

Bernasconi, Andrés 2010. Educación Superior Privada en Chile. Boletín de Políticas Públicas en Educación Superior PPES Nº 10, Julio.

Bernasconi, Andrés 2010. Chile's Private Dominant Higher Education. En Kevin Kinser, Daniel C. Levy, Juan Carlos Silas Casillas, Andrés Bernasconi, et al. ASHE Higher Education Report Special Issue: The Global Growth of Private Higher Education. Volume 36, Issue 3. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 23-35.

Professor Fengqiao Yan | Publications since 2010

Cai Yuzhuo and Fengqiao Yan (2011)“Organizational Diversity in Chinese Private Higher Education” in Pedro N. Teixeira and David D. Dill (eds.) Public Vices, Private Virtues? Assessing the Effects of Marketization in Higher Education, pp47-66, Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.

Yan Fengqiao,“Global expansion of private higher education and relevant policy issues: based on working papers of UNESCO higher education conference in 2009”, Educational Research, pp95-101, 2010, no. 4. in Chinese.

Yan Fengqiao, Lin Jing, “Commercial Civil Society: A Perspective on Private Higher Education in China”, Frontiers of Education in China, 2010. 5(4): 558-578. 

Other Activities since 2010

Research project titled “Academic profession in Chinese public and private higher education institutions”, sponsored by Ford Foundation. 2012-2014.

Research project titled “Agency, participative learning and multiple intelligence development: sustainable development of private higher education”, sponsored by Ford Foundation. 2010-2012.

Fatma Mizikaci | Publications since 2010

Mizikaci, Fatma. 2011. "Isomorphic and Diverse Features of Turkish Private Higher Education". PROPHE Working Paper #18.

Dante Salto | Publications since 2010

Salto, D. J. (2020). Comparative Higher Education Policy Under Nondemocratic Regimes in Argentina and Chile: Similar Paths, Different Policy Choices. Higher Education Policy, 1–18.

Adrogué, C., Fanelli, A. G., Carranza, M. P., & Salto, D. J. (2019). Universities facing quality assurance and funding policies toward research: case studies in the Argentine private sector. Revista de la Educación Superior, 48(190), 45–70.

Escudero, M. C., & Salto, D. J. (2019). More market, less state: Graduate education financing in Argentina. Espacios en Blanco. Revista de educación, 1(29), 65–84.

Salto, D. J. (2019). Brazil: Expanding Access Through Private Institutions. In J. Delisle & A. Usher (Eds.), International perspectives in higher education: Balancing access, equity, and cost (pp. 149–168). Harvard Education Press.

Rabossi, M., & Salto, D. J. (2018). The Weight of Tradition: Conditions that Foster and Deter the Growth of World-Class Universities in Argentina. In M. Rabossi, K. M. Joshi, & S. Paivandi (Eds.), In Pursuit of World-Class Universities: A Global Experience (pp. 91–113). Studera Press.

Salto, D. J. (2018c). Attractive carrots, bland sticks: Organizational responses to regulatory policy in Argentine graduate education. Studies in Higher Education, 43(11), 2020–2032.

Salto, D. J. (2018a). Quality assurance through accreditation: When resistance meets over‐compliance. Higher Education Quarterly, 72(2), 78–89.

Salto, D. J. (2018b). To profit or not to profit: The private higher education sector in Brazil. Higher Education, 75(5), 809–825.

Kinser, K., & Salto, D. J. (2017). For-Profit Higher Education. In J. C. Shin & P. Teixeira (Eds.), Encyclopedia of International Higher Education Systems and Institutions (pp. 1–7). Springer Netherlands.

Salto, D. J. (2017). Controversy over the role of private higher education in Latin America. In G. Mihut, L. Unangst, L. Reisberg, & H. De Witt (Eds.), The World View: Selected blogs published by Inside Higher Education, 2010-2016 (pp. 35–36). CIHE Boston College.

Salto, D. J. (2016). The Crucial Presence of Private Higher Education in Latin America. International Higher Education, (87), 24–25.

Salto, D. J. (2015). Education in Latin America and the Caribbean: Systems and Research. In J. D. Wright (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (Second Edition) (pp. 178–184). Elsevier.

Salto, D. J. (2014a). Governance through the market and the state: Postgraduate education in Argentina. Bordón. Revista de Pedagogía, 66(1), 61–74.

Salto, D. J. (2014b). Brazil: A For-Profit Giant. International Higher Education, 74, 21–22.

Wondwosen Tamrat | Publications since 2010

Disparities and Parallels in Internationalization: The Ethiopian Experience. 2017. International Higher Education No 92.

The Emerging Contours of African Private Higher Education. (2017). Inside Higher Education, Nov 26.

Linking Female Students’ Access to Success. (2017). University World News, November 17.

The Shifting Sands of University Management in Ethiopia. (2017). Inside Higher Education. October 22.

An Assessment of the Risk Profile of Private Higher Education Institutions in Ethiopia. (2016). Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Private Higher education in Ethiopia. Accra: Direct Concept.

The Making of Research Universities in Ethiopia: Issues for Consideration. (2015). Addis Ababa: The Ethiopian Academy of Sciences.

Education Sector Development Program (ESDP) Promises and Achievements in the Private Higher Education Sector in Ethiopia: The Four ESDPs in Focus. (2015). International Conference on the Role of Higher Education and Development, Organized by Education Strategy Center and Maastricht School of Management 23rd and 24th July, Hilton Hotel Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Contributions and Challenges of private higher education institutions in Ethiopia: The views of instructors and administrators (2014). Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Private Higher Education in Africa. Addis Ababa: SMUC Press.

The Evolving Quality Assurance Framework in Ethiopian Higher Education (2012). Addis Ababa: St. Mary’s University Press.

Stakeholders’ Opinion about the Provision of Private Higher Education in Ethiopia (2011). The Teacher, Vol 4, No 8.

The Status of Private Provision of Higher Education in Ethiopia (2011). Proceedings of the 9th national Conference on private higher education institutions in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa: SMUC Press.

League tables and ranking systems for Ethiopia? (2010). The Teacher. Vol4, No7.

Kevin Kinser | Publications since 2010

Kinser, K. (2015). Quality of teaching in the context of increasing non-public providers of higher education: Background Paper. Prepared for the Joint ILO/UNESCO Committee of Experts on the Application of Recommendations Concerning Teaching Personnel. Paris: UNESCO. [Paper Available:]

Kinser, K. (2014, July). For-Profit Pathways into STEM. Prepared for the National Research Council’s and National Academy of Engineering’s Committee on Barriers and Opportunities to 2- and 4-year Undergraduate STEM Degrees. [Paper Available:]

Kinser, K. (2014). What We Know: Research About For-Profit Higher Education. Paper presented at Developing a Research Agenda: Tax Paying Colleges and Universities/For-Profit Higher Education. University of Southern California Pullias Center. [Paper available:]. Los Angeles, CA. April 29.

Kinser, K. (2013). Paying for For-Profit Higher Education: Implications of the United States Case. In Donald Heller and Claire Callender, Student Financing of Higher Education: A Comparative Perspective. (pp. 98-114). London: Routledge.

Kinser, K. (2013). The Quality-Profit Assumption. International Higher Education, 71, 12-13.

Lane, J.E. and Kinser, K. (2011). Reconsidering Privatization in Cross-Border Engagements: The Sometimes Public Nature of Private Activity. Higher Education Policy, 24. pp. 255-273. [winner of the 2010 International Association of Universities – Palgrave Prize in Higher Education Policy Research]

Kinser, K. (2011). Quality Assurance in Cross-Border Higher Education. In Lane, J.E. and Kinser, K., The Multi National University: Leadership, Administration, and Governance of International Branch Campuses. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Lane, J.E. and Kinser, K. (2011). The Cross-Border Education Policy Context: Educational Hubs, Trade Liberalization, and National Sovereignty. In Lane, J.E. and Kinser, K., The Multi National University: Leadership, Administration, and Governance of International Branch Campuses. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Kinser, K. and Hill, B. (2011). Higher Education in Tumultuous Times—Facing Market Forces—Promoting the Common Good: A Transatlantic Dialogue. Washington, DC: American Council on Education.

Kinser, K. (2010). A Global Perspective on For-Profit Higher Education. In Learning for Earning in a Globalized Society: For-profit Colleges and Universities as Schools and Businesses, William G. Tierney, Vicente M. Lechuga & Guilbert Hentschke, eds. pp. 145-170. Sterling, VA: Stylus Press.

Other Activities since 2010: Invited Presentations and Lectures

Kinser, K. (2012). Mapping the For-Profit Higher Education Landscape. Keynote address at conference on Access, Competition, and For-Profit Higher Education, Duke University, Durham, NC, September 21.

Kinser, K. (2012). Privatization in Tertiary Education: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. Joint AERA-BERA symposium presented at the British Educational Research Association, Manchester, UK, September 5.

Kinser, K. (2012). Foreign Education Outposts: Models and Variations of International Branch Campuses. Paper presented at the Jeju Forum for Peace and Prosperity, June 2.  Jeju, South Korea.

Kinser, K. et al. (2012). The Observatory's IBC report: Summary findings. Symposium Presented at the Observatory for Borderless Higher Education Global Forum. April 25. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Kinser, K. et al. (2012). For-Profit U. Webinar sponsored by Service Employees International Union. February 2. Pittsburgh, PA and online.

Kinser, K. et al. (2011). Students at Risk: The Shifting Roles of Public Higher Education and For-Profit Colleges and Universities. Symposium presented at the Sloan Consortium International Conference on On-Line Learning. November 10. Orlando, FL.

Kinser, K. (2011). Access Contributions of F or-Profit Higher Education. Webinar for the 2011 Student Success Webinar Series, Texas Guaranteed Student Loan Corporation. June 16. (online). [based off of PROPHE working paper]

Kinser, K. and Jason E. Lane (2011). Mobility of Programmes, Off‐shore Campuses, Distance Education: Broadening access to international opportunities? Plenary session. International Association of Universities 4th Global Meeting. April 12. New Delhi, India.

Kinser, K. (2011) For-Profit Higher Education: Issues for Admissions Officers. Webinar for National Association for College Admission Counseling. January 25. (online).

Kinser, K. (2010). Current Issues and Future Prospects in For-Profit Higher Education. Syracuse University. November 9. Syracuse, NY.

Numerous media mentions during this period as well.

Marek Kwiek | Publications since 2010

Kwiek, Marek (forthcoming). “From System Expansion to System Contraction. Access to Higher Education in Poland”. Comparative Education Review, 2013.

Kwiek, Marek (2012). “Changing Higher Education Policies: From the Deinstitutionalization to the Reinstitutionalization of the Research Mission in Polish Universities”. Science and Public Policy. Vol. 39. 1-14. (doi:10.1093/scipol/scs042) 

Kwiek, Marek (2012). “Public-Private Intersectoral Competition: Fees and Declining Demographics”. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education. Vol. 42. No. 1. 153-157.

Kwiek, Marek (2012). “Higher Education Reforms and Their Socio-Economic Contexts: Shifting Funding Regimes and Competing Social Narratives”. In: Marek Kwiek, Peter Maassen (eds.),National Higher Education Reforms in a European Context: Comparative Reflections on Poland  and Norway. Frankfurt and New York: Peter Lang. 155-178.

Kwiek, Marek (2011). “The Public-Private Dynamics in Polish Higher Education. Demand-Absorbing Private Growth and Its Implications”. Higher Education Forum. No. 8. (3). 121-147.

Kwiek, Marek (2010). “Creeping Marketization: Where Polish Private and Public Higher Education Sectors Meet”. In: Roger Brown (ed.), Higher Education and the Market. New York: Routledge. 135-146.

Prachayani Praphamontripong Kanwar | Publications since 2010

Kanwar, Prachayani P. "Government Policies as Responses to Increased Demand for Higher Education: Experiences from Asian Private and Public Sectors," in Access and Expansion Post-Massification: Opportunities and Barriers to Further Growth in Higher Education Participation, Jongbloed, Ben W.A. and Vossensteyn, Hans, Eds., Routledge, December 2015. (

“Student Finance in Asia: Privatization amid Decisive Inter-sectoral Difference,” Student Financing of Higher Education: A Comparative Perspective, co-authored with D.C. Levy, edited by D.E. Heller and C. Callender, Routledge, forthcoming.

“Access without Equity? Private Higher Education Across Asia,” Higher Education in Dynamic Asia, Asian Development Bank, Manila, Philippines, 2012

The Role of Private Higher Education in the Philippines, co-authored with N. LaRocque, Asian Development Bank, Manila, Philippines, in progress. 

Pedro Teixeira | Publications since 2010

Pedro Teixeira and Jung Sheol Chin (2020) (Editors in Chief) The International Encyclopaedia of Higher Education, Springer, 4 Vols., (forthcoming).

Teixeira, P.; Magalhães, A.; Rosa, M. J. & Veiga, A. (2019) Under Pressure – Higher Education Institutions facing Multiple Challenges; Sense Publishers: Rotterdam.

Pedro Teixeira (ed.) (2017) The Changing Public-Private Mix in Higher Education – Patterns, Rationales and Challenges; Sense: Rotterdam.

Teixeira, P.; Sarrico, C.; Magalhães, A.; Carvalho, T.; Rosa, M. J. e Veiga, A. (2016) Global Challenges, National Initiatives, and Institutional Responses; Sense Publishers: Rotterdam.

Teixeira, P., Rocha, V., Biscaia, R., Cardoso, M. F. (2014) Policy Changes, Marketization Trends and Spatial Dispersion in European Higher Education: Comparing Public and Private Sectors; Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society; accepted for publication

Teixeira, P., Rocha, V., Biscaia, R., Cardoso, M. F. (2014). Public and Private Higher Education in Europe: Competition vs. Complementarity. In Bonaccorsi, A. (Ed.), Knowledge, Diversity and Performance in European Higher Education - A Changing Landscape, Edward Elgar.

Teixeira, P., Rocha, V., Biscaia, R., Cardoso, M. F. (2013) “Competition and diversification in public and private higher education” Applied Economics, 45, 35, 4949-4958

Teixeira, P., Rocha, V., Biscaia, R., Cardoso, M. F. (2013), "Concorrência e diversificação espacial no Ensino Superior Europeu: Uma comparação do contributo dos sectores público e privado", Redes de Ensino Superior - Contributos perante os desafios do desenvolvimento (pp. 47-68), Universidade de Évora. (in Portuguese)

Teixeira, P., Rocha, V., Biscaia, R., Cardoso, M. (2012), “Myths, beliefs and realities: Public-private competition and Higher Education’s diversification”, Journal of Economic Issues, 46, 3, 683-704. 

Pedro Nuno Teixeira; Vera Rocha; Ricardo Biscaia; and Margarida Fonseca Cardoso (2012) Competition and diversity in higher education: an empirical approach to specialization patterns of Portuguese institutions; Higher Education, 63(3), 337-52

Robin Middlehurst and Pedro Teixeira (2012) Governance within the EHEA: dynamic trends, common challenges, and national particularities, in Peter Scott, Adrian Curaj, Lazar Vlasceanu, and Lesley Wilson (eds.) European Higher Education at the Crossroads: Between the Bologna Process and National Reforms, Springer, Vol. 2, 527-551

Teixeira, Pedro (2012) The Changing Public-Private Mix in Higher Education: Analysing Portugal’s apparent Exceptionalism. in A. Amaral and G. Neave (eds.), Higher Education in Portugal 1974-2009 - A Nation, a Generation. Dordrecht:  Springer

Pedro Teixeira (2011) Eppur si Muove: Marketization and Privatization Trends in the  European Higher Education Area, Journal of the European Higher Education Area, 4, 57-72

Pedro Teixeira and David Dill (ed.) (2011) Public Vices, Private Virtues? Reflecting about the Effects of Marketization in Higher Education, Rotterdam: Sense Publishers

Pedro Teixeira and David Dill (2011) The Many Faces of Marketization, in Teixeira et al (2011) Public Vices Private Virtues, Sense Publishers, pp. vii-xxiii

Other Activities since 2010

OxCHEPS, New College, Oxford University, Visiting Fellow, October 2011-February 2012 and October 2012-February 2013

Sun, R. & Shi, Y.(2014). Public-Private Partnership Institutions and their Public Policy Environment: Independent Colleges and Sino-Foreign Joint Universities in China. Paper presented at the 58th Annual Conference for the Comparative and International Education Society, Toronto, Canada, March, 2014.

Sun, R. (2013). Lower Status of Private Higher Education Institutions in China: The Role of Public Policies. Paper presented at the 57th Annual Conference for the Comparative and International Education Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, March, 2013.

Sun, R. (2012). National Policy toward Private Higher Education in China: Posture Changes and Differentiation. Paper presented at 2012 Association for the Study of Higher Education Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, November, 2012.

Cao, Y., Guo, J., & Sun, R. (2011). Private Higher Education in China: Market, Governance, and Quality Assurance. Paper presented at the 55th Annual Conference for the Comparative and International Education Society, Montreal, Canada, March, 2011.

Daniel Levy | Publications since 2010

Foreword to the forthcoming 《国家与高等教育》中文版前言, publication in Chinese (Beijing Normal University Press, 2017) of his 1986 Higher Education and the State in Latin America: Private Challenges to Public Dominance, University of Chicago.

"Private Higher Education," in Shin, Jung Cheol, Teixeira, Pedro (Eds). Encyclopedia of International Higher Education Systems and Institutions. (Springer, forthcoming).

"The Private Sector: A Focus on Developing Countries," in Shin, Jung Cheol, Teixeira, Pedro (Eds). Encyclopedia of International Higher Education Systems and Institutions. (Springer, forthcoming).

"Private Sectors in a Dual-Sector World: What to Know about the Leading Sector and Others" in Usher, Alex and Delisle, Jason (Eds). Striking the Right Balance: International Perspectives on Higher Education Policy (in progress).

Evolving Privatization in Eastern and Central European Higher Education,” European Education: Issues and Policies, 46, 3, 2014: 7-30.

“Student Finance in Asia: Privatization amid Decisive Inter-sectoral Difference,” in Student Financing of Higher Education: A Comparative Perspective, Edited by Donald E. Heller and Claire Callender, Routledge, 2013.

The Decline of Private Higher Education,” Higher Education Policy, 26, 2013: 25-42.

Squeezing the Nonprofit Sector,” International Higher Education (Spring) 71, 2013. 

“Diversity Ascendant: How Isomorphism Fails to Capture the Global Surge of Private Higher Education,” Shuren University Journal of Education, China, forthcoming.

What Does Organized Business Want? A Look at India,” International Higher Education, 67, Spring 2012. 

How Important is Private Higher Education in Europe? A Regional Analysis in Global Context,” European  Journal of Education, 47, 2, 2012: 178-197. 

Ed. With William Zumeta. Public Policy and Private Higher Education. A special issue of the Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis, 13, 42011. 

“Introduction: “Private Higher Education and Public Policy: A Global View,” co-author with William Zumeta, Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis13, 4, 2011 345-349

 “Public Policy for Private Higher Education: A Global Analysis,” Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis13, 4,2011: 383-396.

“Las multiples formas de educacion superior privada: Un analisis global,” in El conflicto de las universidades: Entre lo Privado y  lo Público, ed. José Joaquín Brunner and Carlos Peña (Santiago: Universidad Diego Portales, 2011): 135-160.

Venezuelan Higher Education: The Chavez Revolution,” International Higher Education, 62, 2011.

The Global Growth of Private Higher Education. Co-author with Kevin Kinser et al. ASHE Higher Education Report, 36, 3, 2010.

An International Exploration of Decline,” in a special section on The Decline of the Private Sector, International Higher Education, 61, 2010.

Other activities since 2010

Lecture: The Decline of Private Higher Education (forthcoming: April 2013). Center for Studies of Higher Education, University of California, Berkeley. 

Conference: How Important is Private Higher Education in Europe? A Regional Analysis in Global Context (2011). International Symposium The Privatization of Higher Education: Private Investments for a Common Good?; Heidelberg, Germany. 

Keynote lecture at the annual convention of India’s Federation of Industry and Commerce (2011), Indian Higher Education Expansion Strategies: Private Options from Global Context; Delhi, India. 

Consultations on India’s pending legislation. Lectures at public universities.

Policy report: “Private Higher Education in East Asia: Reality & Policy.” World Bank Flagship Project. 2010